You’ve heard top industry players and projects talk about how Web3.0 would revolutionise the internet. But what is it and what does it mean for crypto and blockchain?
What is Web3.0?
Web3.0 is an ideological revolution to wrestle back control and power from centralized giant corporations. It envisions an online decentralized ecosystem that is non-custodial and which transcends physical boundaries.Through incorporating new technologies like blockchain, users have control over their personal data and sovereignty over their identity.
A brief history before Web3.0
Ethereum co-founder and Polkadot founder Gavin Wood first coined the term in 2014, as the next iteration of the internet. But before Web3.0, there were Web1.0 and Web2.0.
Web1.0 was the beginning of the internet which consisted of static web pages and links. Web2.0 came next, and introduced interactive content, feedback systems and social media.
However, to participate in Web2.0, you have to give away your personal data to companies (e.g. Google, Facebook) when registering for accounts or buying products and services. After all these years, these companies now hold the majority of data on the internet - and thus control the internet.
Crypto and blockchain on Web3.0
Blockchain technology is the main driving force behind the Web3.0 ideal.
- Removes need for central custody: Every transaction or movement can be tracked on an online ledger.
- Empowers individuals to create the decentralized web: Users can develop their own DApps, instead of only consuming and creating content on platforms by tech giants.
- Allows for tokenization: Anything - whether currencies, art, music, entry tickets, videos, physical items - can be tokenized, then bought, sold or collected.
- Empowers user participation: Users, not centralized corporations, decide what the internet should be.
- Transcends physical boundaries: Users can interact from across the world in virtual metaverses using a single online identity.
Ethereum Name Service (ENS) domains are NFTs that prove ownership of a user’s username and can store an avatar and other profile data, to be used across decentralized services.
Blockchain is also still a nascent technology and both crypto and traditional industries are still trying to understand and develop the sector. However, there is no denying the potential of Web3.0 to change everyday life, perhaps in the next decade.
The views expressed in this article are the author's alone and do not necessarily represent the views of ApolloX.
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